Nature and climate

Finland is often called a land of thousands of lakes. There are approximately 188 000 lakes in Finland. Almost 10% of Finland’s surface area is lakes. (VisitFinland 2017.)

Read more: Lakes.

25.7.2014

Forests are also characteristic of Finland. One could say that Finland is one of the most forested countries in the whole world. Nearly 70 % of Finland’s surface area is covered with forests. (VisitFinland 2017.)

Read more: Forests.


Everyman’s rigth

Everyone has the right to enjoy the Finnish nature freely. But you have to consider that enjoying nature is done under the Finnish legal concept known as everyman’s right. Here is a list of what you may do and things you are not allowed to do in natural surroundings:

You may:

  • walk, ski or cycle freely, except very near people’s homes, or in fields and plantations which could easily be damaged.
  • camp out temporarily, a reasonable distance from homes.
  • pick wild berries, mushrooms and flowers, as long as they are not protected species.
  • fish with a rod and line.
  • use boats, swim or bathe in the lakes and the sea.
  • walk, ski, or drive a motor vehicle or fish on frozen lakes, rivers and the sea.

You are not allowed to:

  • disturb people or damage property.
  • disturb reindeer, game, breeding birds, their nests or young.
  • let pets off leash.
  • cut down or damage trees.
  • collect moss, lichen or fallen trees from other people’s property.
  • light open campfires without permission, except in an emergency.
  • disturb people’s privacy by camping too near them or making too much noise.
  • leave litter.
  • drive motor vehicles off road without the landowner’s permission.
  • hunt without the relevant permits.
  • fish with nets, traps, or a reel and lure without the relevant permits.” (Nationalparks.fi 2017.)

Everyman’s Right (PDF)


In Finland the climate is cold. Especially in winter it can be very cold. In Finland there are clearly four seasons which vary through the year.

Seasons

Winter

“Winter in figures:

Temperature: – 30°C – 0°C
Duration: Around 120 days between December – March.” (VisitFinland 2017.)

The Finnish winter is cold with snowfalls. Also, the days are short because the sun rises late and sets in the afternoon.

Read more: Winter.

Spring

“Spring in figures:

Temperature: 0°C – +10°C
Duration: 45 – 60 days between March – May.” (VisitFinland 2017.)

Spring is quite short in Finland. There can still be snow on the ground at the beginning of March. The weather in the spring is usually quite cool, but anyway it is warmer than in winter.

Read more: Spring.

Summer

“Summer in figures:

Temperature: +15°C – +32°C
Duration: Around 100 days between June – August.” (VisitFinland 2017.)

The summer is the warmest season in Finland. The days are longer, because the sun rises early in the morning and sets late in the evening.

Read more: Summer.

Autumn

“Autumn in figures:

Temperature: +2°C – +15°C
Duration: 80 – 90 days between September – November.” (VisitFinland 2017.)

The autumn is cooler than the summer time. In the autumn, it is often rainy and windy. The days are shorter than in the summer.

Read more: Autumn.


Wildlife

Finland’s forests are home to a lot of wild life like bears, wolves, lynxes, elks, hares, owls, eagles and swans. It is rare to encounter these wild animals in the forests of Vaasa. If you are interested in seeing wildlife, you can visit these wild animal parks:

Ähtäri Zoo
Ranua Wildlife Park 


Read more: